Kings and Queens
Kings and Queens were the major power in the medieval times besides the pope. Kings led armies to battles everywhere at this time because wars were occuring everywhere. Nobles and lords helped kings, but kings had more power than both of them.
William the Conquerer
William the Conquerer was a Norman also known as "William the Bastard". He lived from 1028 to 1087 and later took the throne of England from 1066 to 1087. He was married to Matilda of Flanders in 1052. William died in a riding accident when he fell off his horse. Some of William's greatest achievements include the battle of Hastings in 1066 and creating the Domesday Book. He also created many of the famous castles in England, such as the Tower of London, that stand to this day.
King Henry I
King Henry was born in 1068 and died in 1135. He took the throne in 1000 and he reigned till 1135. King Henry was married to Edith and she later changed her name to her mother-in-laws name and the nickname "Good Queen Maude". They had 2 kids and later Henry remarried to Adeliza but they were childless. Henry was famous for restoring the English laws of King Edward the Confessor.
Richard the Lionheart
Richard the Lionheart was born in 1157 and died in 1199. He started his reign of England in 1189 and it ended in 1199. Richard married Queen Berengaria of Navarre and they had no children, so after Richard died, his brother John took the throne in place of him. Richard gained the title of "Lionheart" because after his father, King Henry II, died, he was deeply grieved about his death and he thought about the Crusade he promised to do. He was very brave and strong which is how he got his name, but it was also because of his fierce temper.
King Edward I
King Edward I was born in 1239 and died in 1307. His reign started in 1272 and it ended in 1307. He married Eleanor of Castile and Marguerite of France. Edward had 5 children with Eleanor of Castile. Edward was most known for his Conquest of Wales and the constructing Welsh concentric castles.
King Henry V
King Henry V was born in 1387 and died in 1422. He reigned from 1413 and ended in 1422. He was married to Catherine of Valois and they had one child, Henry VI. Henry V was famous for a victory at the Battle of Agincour during the Hundred Years War.